Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Andy Butscher Benjamin Franklin Summary Response

Andy Butscher
Period 5
Summary:
Ben Franklin’s states that if a person is to revoke a basic right or freedom, for example, the rights to privacy, in order to be protected is no better than removing their safety and freedom forever.
Response:

Ben Franklin’s, correctly portrays the idea of keeping one’s freedom over a temporary security or safety. To give up a right can be terrible for a person or society. The government taking the right of privacy from citizens all over the world is unjust and cruel. When another group takes power of an important right, it is nothing less than tyranny. In 2001, a law called the USA PATRIOT Act was passed by the American government that allowed the National Security Agency to access information on any person’s phone, computer or device of any kind if they are a suspected terrorist, or suspected to become one. This individual will have no notice that they are being suspected or watched. The government seized the right to privacy unwillingly from its citizens and those in other nations in order to prevent terrorist attacks. In 2012, two acts called SOPA and PIPA were nearly passed before being harshly protested and denied by the entire nation. The acts, essentially, caused the internet to be constantly monitored and limited in the name of crime and terrorism prevention, similar to the Patriot act. Cory Doctorow, author of Little Brother, a book featuring government oversight, says on boingboing.net, “This is a fight of our lives. People hate the Patriot Act — it’s what the NSA has used to violate the Constitution and monitor our private lives day in and day out for the past 14 years.” (Doctorow, 2015). The United States government is using the program meant for anti-terrorism to constantly watch innocent, average people via media, email, wiretaps, phone records, etc.. Although the rights given up are gone, they can be justified in some ways. After the terrorist attacks of 9-11, the US needed a way to prevent more terrorist attacks. The Patriot Act was meant to prevent terrorist attacks before they started. The US Department of Justice explains, “The Patriot Act facilitated information sharing and cooperation among government agencies...’”(USDOJ, 2001). The Patriot Act was designed to lower terrorism in the USA, easily. A common view is that the Patriot Act was created with good intentions to eliminate terrorism forever in the USA. This is somewhat reasonable because after 9-11, terrorism was a much greater threat and the government took every precaution it could to be ready and prevent another attack. However, the precaution quickly turned into a corrupt action that could see anything or anyone, anytime, anywhere. The NSA taps into everyone's devices and/or watches them all day, every day. The Patriot act has caught absolutely no major terrorist movements, Maggie Ybarra states on the Washington Times, “FBI agents can’t point to any major terrorism cases they’ve cracked thanks to the key snooping powers in the Patriot Act...” (Ybarra, 2015). The Patriot Act has had no success from its original intentions, but it still has the ability to monitor anything and anyone the government wishes. The Patriot Act shows Benjamin Franklin’s ideology clearly. We have unwillingly given up our essential right to privacy for a temporary security, which has done more harm than good. Ben Franklin’s statement has become no less than truth in the way of privacy. In order to get our privacy back, the Patriot Act and the NSA must be limited, or stopped. “They that can give up essential liberty and freedom to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety” (Franklin, 1759). We must have the right to our rights.

Monday, October 5, 2015

Andy Butscher Othello act 5 Summary Response

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • Act 5 of Shakepeare’s Othello depicts the brutality and consequences of revenge and betrayal.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • In the final act of the tragedy, Iago’s final phases of his plan were executed. In an attempt to end Cassio’s life, Iago convinces Roderigo to ambush Cassio in the night, and makes a plan with Othello to kill Desdemona. When Roderigo’s attack fails and Othello kills Desdemona, Iago’s veil is lifted, exposing how he betrayed Othello, Roderigo, Cassio, Desdemona and many other characters. Realizing what he had done, Othello kills himself as Iago kills his own wife, after previously killing Roderigo.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • In Shakespeare’s Othello, Iago’s scheme for revenge was consequated with several deaths of characters in a final attempt to redress the wrongs he had felt done to him.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___(Main Idea)________ because ___________ .
    • Shakepeare’s Othello correctly portrays the consequences of revenge because of the betrayal each of the characters suffered and the lives that were taken because of it.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Iago’s final phase was to kill Cassio and convince Othello to kill Desdemona. To do this, Iago turned Roderigo’s blade against Cassio to keep his reputation clean in the case that the attack were to fail. This part of the plan ends in Roderigo and Desdemona dead and Cassio injured.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • Iago’s plan is for Roderigo and Cassio to try to kill each other, “‘Tis but a man gone. Forth, my sword! He [Cassio] dies.
        I have rubbed this young quat [Roderigo] almost to the sense, And he grows angry. Now whether he kill Cassio, or Cassio him, or each do each other, Every way makes my gain.” (Shakespeare 5.1.10-15)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago is willing to end one or more lives at once for revenge. The sinister man sees people’s lives as less important than the revenge he wants. He also, as a part of his plan, indirectly kills Desdemona by convincing Othello to assassinate her and Othello, when he took his own life after realizing he had wrongfully killed Desdemona, and murders his own wife after she had revealed to Othello what Iago had done to him.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
    • Set-up
      • The death of some characters wasn’t out of revenge. Many characters died, but several of them had not died out of revenge.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
      • Iago had no previous quarrel with Roderigo, but still killed him. Iago says to Roderigo, “‘O murderous slave! O villain!’ {Iago stabs Roderigo}
        ‘O damned Iago! O inhuman dog!’” (Shakespeare 5.1. 73-75)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago had been plotting with Roderigo and had used him as a trusted assistant. Iago had no previous disagreements with Roderigo. This would mean that Roderigo was killed without an intention of revenge.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • A common view is that Roderigo was killed without intent, and thus wasn’t a consequence of revenge, which is reasonable to think because Iago killed Roderigo even though their relationship seemed to be one of comradery. However, from the beginning of the story, Iago’s mistrust of Roderigo showed subtly. Iago muttered to himself about Roderigo several times, which showed that Roderigo didn’t have much importance to Iago, and he would have no hesitation in eliminating him if he were in the way of his ultimate goal, revenge. Roderigo was nothing more than a pawn to Iago’s plan.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Shakespeare correctly expresses the true consequences of revenge in Othello act 5 by the lives the characters lost.

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Andy Butscher Kendall Jordan Othello Act 1 Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates a story of revenge, jealousy, and the effect anger has on a person.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Act One follows Iago and Roderigo as they each seek revenge on Othello. Iago desired the position as his lieutenant, but Othello overlooked him and gave him a job as an “ancient.” Roderigo is in love with Desdemona, who happens to be Othello’s lover and wife.

  • Explanation of ideas
Both of the characters feel like they have been wronged by this man and that they must have revenge upon him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Othello, by William Shakespeare, the Moor betrays Iago and Roderigo unknowingly by taking away the position that Iago wanted and the girl that Roderigo loved.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare portrays the results of anger and the extent one goes to get revenge because of jealousy due to hatred and beliefs.
  • Claim 1: Jealousy and anger are clearly shown in two different situations.
    • Set-up The main characters, Iago and Roderigo, both feel they have been cheated by Othello. Iago is jealous of a man named Cassio because Othello appointed Cassio to be his lieutenant, even though Iago was a much more experienced, loyal option. Iago states, “‘In personal suit to make me his lieutenant...For ‘Certes,’ says he, ‘I have already chose my officer’’” (Shakespeare 1.1 10-18).
    • Evidence: Iago desired a position of lieutenant to Othello, who was a great, Venetian commander. Instead of considering Iago for the position, Othello chose Michael Cassio, a mathematician from Florence.
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim -  Iago felt betrayed and hurt, so he swore to get revenge on Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: Iago appears to be a loyal and trustworthy servant to Othello throughout Act One.
    • Set-up Iago is Othello’s “ancient” and he must attend to him in battle. Therefore, he is very pleasant and friendly towards Othello. Although it may seem like he genuinely cares for Othello’s well-being, his kindness is just a part of his twisted plan to get revenge.
    • Evidence: Iago tries to warn Othello about Brabantio wanting to divorce Othello and Desdemona. As Iago says, “‘And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms against your Honor, that with the little godliness I have. Are you fast married? Be assured of this, that the magnifico is much beloved... As double as the Duke’s. He will divorce you...”  (Shakespeare 1.2 9-16).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim This warning seems friendly, making it appear that  Iago is completely loyal to Othello. Iago tells him to be watchful and vigilant because if he isn’t, Desdemona may divorce him.

  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
A common position is that Iago a trustworthy ancient to Othello. This view may seem reasonable because Iago and Othello seem to trust each other, but Iago is planning to use Othello’s trust against him. In the text, Iago verbally plots to manipulate Othello’s emotions and thoughts to redress his betrayal of Iago. Iago appears to be an ally to Othello, but he is just wearing a mask.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello demonstrates how jealousy and anger can control a person’s life and the choices they make out of hatred.

Citations:
Works Cited

Shakespeare, William. Othello. N.p.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1993. Print.

Andy Butscher Othello Act 2 S/R Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is displayed abandoning his morals, evaluating how a person can lose their beliefs for revenge.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.  
  • Concluding sentence
  • Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed his/her morality to get revenge on someone he/she thought had wronged them.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior and how Othello would react to Cassio’s drunken behavior.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago had heavily intoxicated Cassio, then had Roderigo provoke him to start a fight. Iago knew that if Cassio fought Roderigo, the fight would attract the attention of Othello, who would then punish Cassio.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
    • Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil throughout his life, even before he felt wronged by Othello.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,”  (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. If this was true, he wouldn’t have been impacted by jealousy or lust for revenge, but rather he would have been a sinister, vile person.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character over the course of his whole life. This would be because Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy.  However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello. Othello has never thought twice about Iago being his ancient, which is probably a trust Iago has earned, as Othello does not seem like the type to trust people that much, that quickly and easily. Thus, Iago must have had to earn Othello’s trust over a period of many years, which would mean Iago must have been trustworthy and loyal to Othello.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello shows how jealousy warps a person’s sense of right and wrong, which is shown by Iago being completely willing to cross all moral boundaries to get revenge.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Andy Butscher Hunter Johnson Othello act 2 S/R

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is willing to discard his morals for the satisfaction of revenge.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.  
  • Concluding sentence
  • Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed his/her morality to get revenge on someone he/she thought had wronged them.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago had heavily intoxicated Cassio, then had Roderigo provoke him to start a fight.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
    • Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,”  (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. Which would mean jealousy never impacted his life too greatly.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Strengths: Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy
  • Flaws: Iago did have the trust of Othello for a long time, which would probably be because of his character.
  • It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character all of his life. This would be because he, in the text, always seems sinister or evil. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello shows how jealousy warps a person’s sense of right and wrong, which is shown by Iago being completely willing to cross all moral boundaries to get revenge.

Monday, September 14, 2015

Othello Act 1 S/R Andy Butscher Kendall Jordan Redo

Summary Response Outline

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates a story of revenge, jealousy, and the effect anger has on a person.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Act One follows Iago and Roderigo as they each seek revenge on Othello. Iago desired the position as his lieutenant but Othello overlooked him and gave him a job as the “ancient.” Roderigo is in love with the beautiful Desdemona, who unfortunately happens to be Othello’s lover and wife.

  • Explanation of ideas
Both of the characters feel like they have been wronged by this man and they must have revenge upon him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
The Moor betrays Iago and Roderigo unknowingly by taking away the position that Iago wanted and the girl that Roderigo loved.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare portrays the results of anger and the extent one goes to get revenge because of jealousy due to hatred and beliefs.
  • Claim 1: Jealousy and anger are clearly shown in two different situations.
    • Set-up The main characters, Iago and Roderigo, both feel they have been cheated by Othello. Iago is jealous of a man named Cassio because Othello appointed Cassio to be his lieutenant, even though Iago was a much more experienced, loyal option. Iago states, “‘In personal suit to make me his lieutenant...For ‘Certes,’ says he, ‘I have already chose my officer’’” (Shakespeare 1.1 10-18).
    • Evidence: Iago desired a position of lieutenant to Othello, who was a great, Venetian commander. Instead of even considering Iago for the position, Othello chose Michael Cassio, a mathematician from Florence.
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim -  Iago felt betrayed and hurt, so he swore to get revenge on Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: Iago appears to be a loyal and trustworthy servant to Othello throughout Act One.
    • Set-up Iago is Othello’s “ancient” and he must attend to him in battle. Therefore, he is very pleasant and friendly towards Othello. Although it may seem like he genuinely cares for Othello’s well-being, his kindness is just a part of his twisted plan to get revenge.
    • Evidence: Iago is trying to warn Othello about Brabantio wanting to divorce Othello and Desdemona. As Iago warns, “‘And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms against your Honor, that with the little godliness I have. Are you fast married? Be assured of this, that the magnifico is much beloved... As double as the Duke’s. He will divorce you...”  (Shakespeare 1.2 9-16).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim This warning seems kind and friendly, making Iago appear to have no disagreement with Othello.

  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
A common view is that Iago is trustworthy and loyal to Othello. This position may seem reasonable because Iago and Othello seem to trust each other, but Iago is planning to use Othello’s trust against him. He plots how to manipulate Othello to give him the position he wants. Although Iago appears to be an ally to Othello, it is obvious he is doing nothing but wearing a mask.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello demonstrates how jealousy and anger can control a person’s life and the choices they make out of pure hatred.

Citations:
Works Cited
Shakespeare, William. Othello. N.p.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1993. Print.