Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is willing to discard his morals for the satisfaction of revenge.
- Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
- Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.
- Concluding sentence
- Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed his/her morality to get revenge on someone he/she thought had wronged them.
- Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.
- Claim 1:
- Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim
- Iago had heavily intoxicated Cassio, then had Roderigo provoke him to start a fight.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
- Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,” (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. Which would mean jealousy never impacted his life too greatly.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
- Strengths: Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy
- Flaws: Iago did have the trust of Othello for a long time, which would probably be because of his character.
- It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character all of his life. This would be because he, in the text, always seems sinister or evil. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea