Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is displayed abandoning his morals, evaluating how a person can lose their beliefs for revenge.
- Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
- Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.
- Concluding sentence
- Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed his/her morality to get revenge on someone he/she thought had wronged them.
- Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.
- Claim 1:
- Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior and how Othello would react to Cassio’s drunken behavior.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim
- Iago had heavily intoxicated Cassio, then had Roderigo provoke him to start a fight. Iago knew that if Cassio fought Roderigo, the fight would attract the attention of Othello, who would then punish Cassio.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
- Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil throughout his life, even before he felt wronged by Othello.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,” (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. If this was true, he wouldn’t have been impacted by jealousy or lust for revenge, but rather he would have been a sinister, vile person.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
- It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character over the course of his whole life. This would be because Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello. Othello has never thought twice about Iago being his ancient, which is probably a trust Iago has earned, as Othello does not seem like the type to trust people that much, that quickly and easily. Thus, Iago must have had to earn Othello’s trust over a period of many years, which would mean Iago must have been trustworthy and loyal to Othello.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea